- Mohammad Ali Jinnah was adamant about the partition of India and Pakistan
- No agreement with Congress for common India
- Mohammad Ali Jinnah wanted a separate country for Sikhs and Dravidians
- Were not secular, wanted Hindus in the country with a special motive
Many arguments are advanced on the partition of India and Pakistan before independence from British rule. It is even said that the first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru wanted to lead the Indian government in any way, even if it was a partition. However, Swedish political scientist Ishtiaq Ahmed of Pakistani origin asserted the opposite. Ishtiaq claimed in his next book that Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s insistence was behind the partition of India and Pakistan.
‘Congress is trying, categorical Jinnah’
Ishtiaq in his book “ Jinnah: Its Successes, Failures and Role in History ” states that under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi and Nehru, Congress has strived to keep India united, but the Pakistani Quaid-Azam Jinnah was adamant about the score. Ishtiaq said: “Jinnah did not miss any attack to call the Hindu Congress Party and Gandhi as ‘Hindu and Dictator’.”
Ishtiaq said: “ I have shown that when Jinnah gave his presidential speech in Lahore on March 22, 1940 and then passed the resolution on March 23, after Jinnah or the Muslim League even once wished to accept United India Sans talk about the days when the federal system was loose and most of the forces were in the provinces.
‘I tried to walk with Congress’
Pakistani American historian Ayesha Jalal’s theory is called into question after Ishtiaq’s claim. Based on Professor Jalal’s theory since 1980, Jinnah would have played his part in a power-sharing deal with Congress. Ishtiaq asserts the opposite, “Jinnah has such indescribable speeches, statements and messages in which he talks about partitioning India to build Pakistan”. He also rightly said that Britain was ready for partition because it knew that India united under the leadership of Congress would not fulfill Britain’s agenda, but Pakistan under the leadership of Congress. Muslims would benefit.
“ The Sikhs also wanted to separate the Dravidians ”
Ishtiaq claimed, based on primary sources such as the transfer of power documents, that Britain feared India would side with the Soviet Union. Ishtiaq also claimed that Jinnah wanted a separate nation for Sikhs and Dravidians. He denied that Jinnah wanted to make Pakistan a secular country.
This was due to the minority
Ishtiaq reported, “The League estimated that there would be a large number of minorities in both countries. If Hindus persecute Muslims in India, Hindus in Pakistan will have to bear the brunt. When Jinnah was questioned on March 30, 1941, what would happen to Muslims living in India, he angrily replied that he was willing to martyr 2 crore to release 7 crore Muslims. In fact, 3.5 crore of Muslims remained in India.
“ The Muslim had become a nationalist Jinnah ”
Ishtiaq said that Jinnah became a Muslim nationalist after 1937 who saw Hindus and Muslims as different political countries, he believed the two could never come together. Even in 1936 in Lucknow, Muslim landlords were shocked by Nehru’s speech to end zamindari. When Congress refused to include Muslim League leaders in government, Jinnah also attempted to influence Muslims through him.
Many Muslim communities too
After forming Pakistan, Jinnah faced many challenges. There were also many communities inside Muslims, which started to be challenged. The controversy over the Ahmadis in 1950 led him to be declared non-Muslim in 1974. The Shiite-Sunni dispute arose during the reign of General Zia ul-Haq. Iran and the Ayatollah of Saudi Arabia have challenged Iran to rule the Muslims. This led to radicalism between Shiites and Sunnis.